A.10.1 Font

\abs-fontsize size (number) arg (markup)

Use size as the absolute font size to display arg. Adjusts baseline-skip and word-space accordingly.

\markup {
  default text font size
  \hspace #2
  \abs-fontsize #16 { text font size 16 }
  \hspace #2
  \abs-fontsize #12 { text font size 12 }
}

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\bold arg (markup)

Switch to bold font-series.

\markup {
  default
  \hspace #2
  \bold
  bold
}

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\box arg (markup)

Draw a box round arg. Looks at thickness, box-padding and font-size properties to determine line thickness and padding around the markup.

\markup {
  \override #'(box-padding . 0.5)
  \box
  \line { V. S. }
}

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Used properties:

  • box-padding (0.2)
  • font-size (0)
  • thickness (1)
\caps arg (markup)

Copy of the \smallCaps command.

\markup {
  default
  \hspace #2
  \caps {
    Text in small caps
  }
}

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\dynamic arg (markup)

Use the dynamic font. This font only contains s, f, m, z, p, and r. When producing phrases, like ‘più f’, the normal words (like ‘più’) should be done in a different font. The recommended font for this is bold and italic.

\markup {
  \dynamic {
    sfzp
  }
}

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\finger arg (markup)

Set arg as small numbers.

\markup {
  \finger {
    1 2 3 4 5
  }
}

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\fontCaps arg (markup)

Set font-shape to caps

Note: \fontCaps requires the installation and selection of fonts which support the caps font shape.

\fontsize increment (number) arg (markup)

Add increment to the font-size. Adjusts baseline-skip accordingly.

\markup {
  default
  \hspace #2
  \fontsize #-1.5
  smaller
}

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Used properties:

  • baseline-skip (2)
  • word-space (1)
  • font-size (0)
\huge arg (markup)

Set font size to +2.

\markup {
  default
  \hspace #2
  \huge
  huge
}

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\italic arg (markup)

Use italic font-shape for arg.

\markup {
  default
  \hspace #2
  \italic
  italic
}

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\large arg (markup)

Set font size to +1.

\markup {
  default
  \hspace #2
  \large
  large
}

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\larger arg (markup)

Increase the font size relative to the current setting.

\markup {
  default
  \hspace #2
  \larger
  larger
}

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\magnify sz (number) arg (markup)

Set the font magnification for its argument. In the following example, the middle A is 10% larger:

A \magnify #1.1 { A } A

Note: Magnification only works if a font name is explicitly selected. Use \fontsize otherwise.

\markup {
  default
  \hspace #2
  \magnify #1.5 {
    50% larger
  }
}

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\medium arg (markup)

Switch to medium font-series (in contrast to bold).

\markup {
  \bold {
    some bold text
    \hspace #2
    \medium {
      medium font series
    }
    \hspace #2
    bold again
  }
}

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\normal-size-sub arg (markup)

Set arg in subscript with a normal font size.

\markup {
  default
  \normal-size-sub {
    subscript in standard size
  }
}

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Used properties:

  • baseline-skip
\normal-size-super arg (markup)

Set arg in superscript with a normal font size.

\markup {
  default
  \normal-size-super {
    superscript in standard size
  }
}

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Used properties:

  • baseline-skip
\normal-text arg (markup)

Set all font related properties (except the size) to get the default normal text font, no matter what font was used earlier.

\markup {
  \huge \bold \sans \caps {
    huge bold sans caps
    \hspace #2
    \normal-text {
      huge normal
    }
    \hspace #2
    as before
  }
}

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\normalsize arg (markup)

Set font size to default.

\markup {
  \teeny {
    this is very small
    \hspace #2
    \normalsize {
      normal size
    }
    \hspace #2
    teeny again
  }
}

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\number arg (markup)

Set font family to number, which yields the font used for time signatures and fingerings. This font contains numbers and some punctuation; it has no letters.

\markup {
  \number {
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . ,
  }
}

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\replace replacements (list) arg (markup)

Used to automatically replace a string by another in the markup arg. Each pair of the alist replacements specifies what should be replaced. The key is the string to be replaced by the value string.

\markup \replace #'(("thx" . "Thanks!")) thx

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\roman arg (markup)

Set font family to roman.

\markup {
  \sans \bold {
    sans serif, bold
    \hspace #2
    \roman {
      text in roman font family
    }
    \hspace #2
    return to sans
  }
}

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\sans arg (markup)

Switch to the sans serif font family.

\markup {
  default
  \hspace #2
  \sans {
    sans serif
  }
}

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\simple str (string)

A simple text string; \markup { foo } is equivalent with \markup { \simple #"foo" }.

Note: for creating standard text markup or defining new markup commands, the use of \simple is unnecessary.

\markup {
  \simple #"simple"
  \simple #"text"
  \simple #"strings"
}

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\small arg (markup)

Set font size to -1.

\markup {
  default
  \hspace #2
  \small
  small
}

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\smallCaps arg (markup)

Emit arg as small caps.

Note: \smallCaps does not support accented characters.

\markup {
  default
  \hspace #2
  \smallCaps {
    Text in small caps
  }
}

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\smaller arg (markup)

Decrease the font size relative to the current setting.

\markup {
  \fontsize #3.5 {
    some large text
    \hspace #2
    \smaller {
      a bit smaller
    }
    \hspace #2
    more large text
  }
}

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\sub arg (markup)

Set arg in subscript.

\markup {
  \concat {
    H
    \sub {
      2
    }
    O
  }
}

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Used properties:

  • baseline-skip
  • font-size (0)
\super arg (markup)

Set arg in superscript.

\markup {
  E =
  \concat {
    mc
    \super
    2
  }
}

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Used properties:

  • baseline-skip
  • font-size (0)
\teeny arg (markup)

Set font size to -3.

\markup {
  default
  \hspace #2
  \teeny
  teeny
}

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\text arg (markup)

Use a text font instead of music symbol or music alphabet font.

\markup {
  \number {
    1, 2,
    \text {
      three, four,
    }
    5
  }
}

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\tiny arg (markup)

Set font size to -2.

\markup {
  default
  \hspace #2
  \tiny
  tiny
}

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\typewriter arg (markup)

Use font-family typewriter for arg.

\markup {
  default
  \hspace #2
  \typewriter
  typewriter
}

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\underline arg (markup)

Underline arg. Looks at thickness to determine line thickness, and offset to determine line y-offset.

\markup \fill-line {
  \underline "underlined"
  \override #'(offset . 5)
  \override #'(thickness . 1)
  \underline "underlined"
  \override #'(offset . 1)
  \override #'(thickness . 5)
  \underline "underlined"
}

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Used properties:

  • offset (2)
  • thickness (1)
\upright arg (markup)

Set font-shape to upright. This is the opposite of italic.

\markup {
  \italic {
    italic text
    \hspace #2
    \upright {
      upright text
    }
    \hspace #2
    italic again
  }
}

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